In many countries, water recycling is an environmental issue, performed to help improve the state of the planet for all its inhabitants. Sewage and sludge water recycling in India, however, is done for a completely different purpose. Currently, there is a serious water crisis in this country and the water shortage has reached a point where it has indeed turned critical. Without constant sewage and sludge treatments, there could be serious consequences for the citizens of this nation.
Over the past several years, India has seen a serious population explosion. More than a billion people are crammed into an area that only covers about a third of the entire United States. Of course, there is a large amount of wastewater produced by such a high number of individuals and when the water is not put through sludge water recycling, that polluted water will enter the groundwater supplies, polluting the drinking water for the many residents of the country.
It has been estimated that more than 20 percent of the contagious diseases seen in India today are a direct result of drinking contaminated water. In order for the country to regain control of the health of its people, there must be consistent sewage recycling. This would reduce the amount of contaminants that are being released into the ground and into the natural water sources and prevent those in the less affluent neighborhoods from being affected by the pollutants that are making them ill.
In these poorer neighborhoods in India, much of the population has no access to bathroom facilities or even proper latrines. Raw sewage is left lying on the ground or deposited into local waterways, contaminating the water supply and spreading disease through the people. These issues are serious, as people in these areas are simple unaware that their daily routines are what are causing much of the problems within their communities. Improving living conditions and carrying out extensive sewage and sludge treatments would help to alleviate some of these issues and create a healthier environment for those in poor, rural areas of this country.
There is much more that needs to be done, beyond sewage and sludge recycling in India, but developing more facilities for this purpose is a step in the right direction. Solving India’s water crisis certainly will not happen overnight, but with proper education of the population on how to keep water supplies clean and ample water recycling, there is hope for solving this epidemic problem.