As more people populate the earth, ecology, wildlife and issues with sprawl arise. As more land is developed into residential and business districts wildlife is pushed out of the way. Their very existence becomes threatened. For wild animals to coexist with the threat of progress, conservationists concerned with ecology and urban development will have to develop programs that will protect the wildlife and their environment.
With urban sprawl comes destruction of plant and animal life, unless measures are taken to protect the ecology and wildlife. Ecosystems may be threatened as urbanization continues, because as forests are cleared to build homes, high rise buildings, and other businesses, birds, and hundreds of land animals lose their habitats.
Conservationists concerned with ecology and wildlife preservation have developed nature reserves that serve as animal sanctuaries. We see state parks that are mainly forest reserves that make homes for birds, deer, bear, and other forms of animal life. These wildlife sanctuaries prohibit any development for human sprawl, so that wildlife is preserved.
Now that ecology, wildlife, residential, agricultural and commercial growth often conflict with one another, measures are being taken to create a balance between ecology, wildlife and sprawl. Subdivisions and business districts may be zoned in certain areas and not in others to protect wildlife from the threat of displacement or even extinction.
Though you may not be responsible for urban sprawl, you may be a part of it. You can take measures to preserve the ecology and wildlife in your immediate area where you live and work. The use of pesticides in your lawn and garden can cause damage to the ecology and wildlife. By using green or more natural means to control pests and fertilize, rather than using harmful pesticides and chemicals is much more eco-friendly.
On a personal level there are things that we can do to preserve the environment and protect wildlife. If you own a dog or a cat, keeping it inside your home or somehow contained will prevent the loss of animal life. Dogs and cats are natural hunters and they often kill squirrels, rabbits and birds, not because they are hungry, but because it is in their nature to do so. A good dog owner will keep it on a leash or in an enclosed yard, this will prevent it from running loose to hunt for prey.
If you have questions about ecology and wildlife preservation you can go online to the Environmental Yellow Pages. There is a wealth of information on this website, including a page that gives directions how you can make a back yard habitat. Not only will you provide a home for wildlife, but by planting shrubs and trees you will beautify your home, and trees and shrubbery are good insulators from the elements of the cold and hot seasons.