Did you know that you have a virtual goldmine within your rubbish pile? Composting is not a new technology, in the least, but it has become increasingly evident that it can be important to our environment.
Once upon a time, when most people had a garden in their backyard there would also be a compost pile, a pile of rubbish and clippings that provided black gold. Not, oil but rich soil that was used in gardens to add nutrients to increase vegetable production.
What Is Compost?
What is composting? Well, it is the “aerobic decomposition of biodegradable organic matter which produces compost”, in other words it is decaying food (mostly vegetable or fruit) and other green matter. Composting is a form of recycling because it down cycles organic household, yard wastes, and manures to useful soil or hummus. It does return needed organic matter and nutrients to the soil and it helps reduce “green” waste in the landfills.
There are certain words used when speaking of composting technology. A few of these are:
Compostable This is biodegradable material that when put under composting conditions breaks down into carbon dioxide, methane, water, and compost biomass. However, size does make a difference to a timely compostable. For example, a whole piece of hardwood would take a long time to break down, but the sawdust of such would be a lot easier.
Compost-compatible These particles are not compostable or even biodegradable but they do not have an adverse effect on the compost. As a matter of fact, most compost has traces of these materials, sand particles and small plastic bits are commonly found.
Biodegradable Materials that are capable of being broken down completely into carbon dioxide, water, and biomass. Some materials make time a long time, but eventually they will.
How Is It Done?
There are different ways to compost and some are more effective then others. Regardless your style, the technology stays the same. Food and green waste will eventually break down and you can use it within your garden, yard, and under bushes and trees. If you have the correct ratio of certain elements, then you will have compost in no time and with little decaying smell. Suitable compost ingredients with high carbon content are: dry straw material, autumn leaves, sawdust, wood chips, paper, or corrugated cardboard. Suitable compost ingredients with high nitrogen content are: vegetable and fruit peelings, coffee grounds, or herbivore manure (cow, rabbit, horse, or chicken).
It is a fact that American’s landfill waste is compiled of 60% compostable or recycled materials but less then 6% is recycled or composted. Composting was once historically for gardeners or farmers but now it is considered a necessity for saving our landfill space.